Saturday, April 5, 2014

The Story of Mary and Jesus from the Koran

This is an old post from a previous blog. My mother recently traveled to Israel and many of the places had associations with Mary Mother of Jesus. Mary was a much more important figure from the Muslim perspective.  

Recently my brother gave me a copy of the Koran. I have been reading through it and find certain passages very interesting. I have read several Suras online, but it is nice to have the actual book. As you can see from the picture, the left side is in English and the right is Arabic. It is nice that there are so many notations at the bottom of the page which gives explanations of the passages. It has to be read by starting from the back and then flipping forward which is a little confusing. I think the words in parentheses are added for clarification from the original translation because the KJV does the same.

Sura III: Section 4
The Koran talks about the childhood of Jesus and the story of his miraculous birth. Mary’s supernatural birth is mentioned, too, in Sura III. The text doesn’t specifically say what Mary’s mother’s name was, but in the note section it says by tradition her name was Hannah. At least in the Koran there is a miraculous birth of a female child. I can’t recall a single female child born that was considered a blessing within the Bible.
35. Behold! A woman of Imran said: “O my Lord! I do dedicate unto thee what is in my womb for thy special service: So accept this of me: For though hearest and knowest all things.”
36. When she was delivered, she said: “O my Lord! Behold! I am delivered of a female child!” And God knew best what she brought forth – “And nowise is the male like the female. I have named her Mary, and I commend her and her offspring to thy protection from the Evil One, The Rejected.”
It then goes on to say that Mary lived with Zakariya. We know him by the name, Zacharias, the father of John the Baptist.
Notes Section: Mary the mother of Jesus was unique, in that she gave birth to a son by a special miracle, without the intervention of the customary physical means. This of course does not mean that she was more than human, any more than that her son was more than human. She had as much need to pray to God as anyone else. The Christian dogma, in all sects except the Unitarian, holds that Jesus was God and the son of God. The worship of Mary became the practice in the Roman Catholic Church, which calls Mary the Mother of God. This seems to have been endorsed by the Council of Ephesus in 431, in the century before Muhammad was born to sweep away the corruptions of the Church of Christ.
Sura III: Section 5
42. Behold! The angels said: “O Mary! God hath chosen thee and purified thee – chosen thee above all women of all nations.
43. “O Mary! Worship thy Lord devoutly: prostrate thyself, and bow down (in prayer) with those who bow down.”
44. This is part of the tidings of the things unseen, which we reveal unto thee (O Apostle!) by inspiration: Thou wast not with them when they cast lots with arrows, as to which of them should be charged with the care of Mary: Nor wast though with them when they disputed (the point).
45. Behold! The angels said: “O Mary! God giveth thee glad tidings of a Word from Him: His name will be Christ Jesus, the son of Mary, held in honour in this world and the hereafter and of (the company of) those nearest to God;
46. “He shall speak to the people in childhood and in maturity. And he shall be (of the company) of the righteous.”
47. She said: “O my Lord! How shall I have a son when no man hath touched me?” He said: “Even so: God createth what He willeth: When He hath decreed a Plan, He but saith to it “Be,” and it is!
48. “And God will teach him the Book and Wisdom the Law and the Gospel.”
49. “And (appoint him) an apostle to the Children of Israel, (with this message): “I have come to you, with a sign from your Lord, in that I make for you out of clay, as it were the figure of a bird, and breathe into it, and it becomes a bird by God’s leave: and I heal those born blind, and the lepers, and I quicken the dead, by God’s leave; and I declare to you what ye eat, and what ye store in your houses. Surely therein is a Sign for you if ye did believe;
50. “(I have come to you), to attest the Law which was before me. And to make lawful to you part of what was (before) forbidden to you; I have come to you with a Sign from your Lord. So fear God, and obey me.”
51. “It is God who is my Lord and your Lord; Then worship Him. This is a Way that is straight.”
52. When Jesus found unbelief on their part he said: “Who will be my helpers to (the work of) God?” Said the Disciples: “We are God’s helpers: We believe in God, and do though bear witness that we are Muslims.”

Later in Notes: The Muslims are the true Christians, for they follow (or should follow the true teaching of Christ, which did not include the blasphemy that he was God or the Son of God in the literal sense. But there is a large body of men, who by birth inherit such teaching nominally, but their hearts do not consent to it. Their real Muslim virtues (which from their point of view they call Christian virtues) entitle them to be called Christians, and to receive the leading position which they at present occupy in the world of men.

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